FBAR - Foreign Bank Account Reporting Compliance Guide, 2017 (U.S.)
The Foreign Bank Account Reporting Compliance Guide is an essential resource because substantial civil penalties.
Author: Melissa Gillespie
If one owns or has authority over a foreign financial account, including a bank account, brokerage account, mutual fund, unit trust or some other type of financial account, he or she may be required to make an annual report of the account to the Internal Revenue Service. Under the Bank Secrecy Act, each United States person must file a Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts (FBAR), if the person has a financial interest in or signature authority (or other authority that is comparable to signature authority) over one or more accounts in a foreign country and the aggregate value of all foreign financial accounts exceeds threshold amounts at any time during the calendar year.
In addition, the Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment Act (HIRE Act), signed into law by President Obama in 2010, substantially incorporates the measures designed to stop tax evasion contained in the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) of 2009.
Under FATCA, U.S. taxpayers with specified foreign financial assets that exceed certain thresholds must report those assets to the IRS on Form 8938, which will be attached to their federal income tax return. This reporting is in addition to the foreign bank account report.
The Form 8938 reporting is applicable to all "specified persons" who are considered to hold an interest in a "specified foreign financial asset" which meets the "reporting thresholds." In December 2011, the IRS issued temporary (TD 9567) and proposed (REG-130302-10) regulations which provide guidance on the requirement that certain foreign financial assets be reported to the IRS for tax years beginning after March 2010. This requirement comes from Section 6038D which was added to the Internal Revenue Code under the HIRE Act.
The Foreign Bank Account Reporting Compliance Guide is an essential resource because substantial civil penalties may be imposed for non-willful violations and for willful violations criminal penalties and imprisonment may be imposed in addition to the civil penalties.
This is an important new IRS compliance requirement with huge monetary civil penalties at stake as well as potential criminal consequences. It has ongoing compliance reporting requirements with enforcement teeth behind it and this publication provides the necessary guidance.
Part 1 FBAR Reporting
Chapter 1 History of Foreign Financial Account Reporting
Chapter 2 How to Define a U.S. Person
Chapter 3 What is a Financial Interest?
Chapter 4 What is Signature Authority?
Chapter 5 Financial Accounts
Chapter 6 Exceptions to Filing
Chapter 7 How to Complete the Form TDF 90-22.1
Chapter 8 Penalties
Chapter 9 Recent Developments Through 2011
Chapter 10 Developments During 2012 and 2013
Part 2 FATCA Reporting
Chapter 11 An Overview of Reporting for Specified Foreign Financial Assets
Chapter 12 The HIRE Act and Form 8938 vs. Form TDF 90-22.1
Chapter 13 Temporary and Proposed Regulations for FATCA: Definitions
Chapter 14 Who is a Specified Person Under the FATCA Rules and What Are Their Applicable Filing Threshold Amounts
Chapter 15 What is Reportable on Form 8938
Chapter 16 How to Report Specified Foreign Financial Assets
Chapter 17 Penalties for Failure to File Form 8938
Chapter 18 FATCA Withholding Provisions Found Under IRC Sections 1471-1474
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